I tried to understand the distinction between different painting styles.
I am not sure if I achieved my objective . There are some styles that I understood quite well . Some others are quite blurred .
The following are the major styles alongwith examples and an artist who was a master of that style . Comments/corrections are most welcome .
But make sure that u look at the paintings . There is no point without that . Some styles I dont understand at all so I have kept that section blank .
CLASSICISM : A style of painting inspired by ancient Roman/Greek paintings and literature . Emphasis is on form , proportion and restrained emotion .
ROMANTICISM : This is the exact opposite of Classicism . This stresses
on strong emotions,imagination and freedom from classical norms .
The stress is on the individual , the personal , the spontaneous …
Delacroix was the greatest French Romantic painter .
See his painting “Combat of Giaour and Hassan ” :
EXPRESSIONNISM : The stress here is on the expression of inner experience
and not a portrayal of reality . So the emotions of the people come out
using colors , brush strokes . The emotions that are aroused in the artist
when he sees a scene are depicted .
Vincent Van Gogh was a expressionnist painter . Remember that even in his
self portraits or in his painting of the sunflowers his own turbulent
emotions come out is the form of wild brush strokes .
See his ” still life with four sunflowers ” :
see Van Gogh’s seff portrait :
Notice how wild the colors are .
IMPRESSIONNISM : Opposite of expressionnism . The aim is to concentrate on
the general scene and the impression it creates on the artist . Primary
colors were used .
Claude Monet was an impressionnist painter .
see his painting : The waterlilies( The clouds) and notice the difference
from Van Gogh’s sunflowers .
REALISM : To give an accurate objective description of nature or life .
This style rejects imaginative idealization .
Caravaggio was a realist . See his painting ” The fortune teller ” :
Renaissance : I could not understand this one . Or its differences
from the rest 😦
CUBISM : The subjects are portrayed using geometric forms without realistic
detail . Often there are intersecting cones , cubes etc .
eg Picasso , and Joan Gris . See his ” Man in a Cafe ”
SURREALISM : An attempt to express the subconscious by fantistic imagery .
Dreamy wierd stuff .
eg Salvador Dali , Yyes Tanguy . See Tanguy’s “Indefinite Divisibility ” :
Fauvism : Dont understand
Futurism : Something about mechanics and modern life etc .
Baroque : Dont understand .